Joint Pain Overview
Joint Pain Causes
Joint pain can be caused by injury or disease affecting any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Injury or disease can also affect the ligaments, cartilage, and bones within the joint, leading to a painful joint. Pain is also a feature of joint inflammation ARTHRITIS and infection and can be a feature of rare tumors of the joint.
Joint Pain Symptoms
Joint pain can be aggravated by motion, pressure, or weight-bearing resistance with activity. Joint pain can be associated with local warmth, swelling, and tenderness.
When to Seek Medical Care
If you have pain in the joint that persists after one week, it should be evaluated by a health-care practitioner. Moreover, severe pain in the joint should be medically evaluated as soon as possible.
Joint Pain Treatment
The treatment of joint pain is directed toward the precise underlying cause. If the problem is an injury, the initial treatment often includes rest, cold applications, and antiinflammatory medications. Additional medications for pain control may or may not be required. Gradual rehabilitation physical therapy may be needed.
If there is a form of arthritis causing the joint pain, antiinflammatory medications may be recommended, followed by other medications directed at the cause of the arthritis. If there is disease of the bone, ligament, or cartilage, surgical operation may be required.
Self-Care at Home
Initial treatment for joint pain at home might include rest, cold application, and medication to control pain and inflammation. With persistent pain, a medical evaluation by a health-care practitioner is warranted.
Medical treatment depends on the underlying cause of the joint pain as discussed above. If arthritis is causing joint pain, it can require antiinflammatory medication and a variety of other medications depending on the type of arthritis. Surgery can be required for cartilage or ligament damage.