Aug 31, 2012
Aug 30, 2012
Brown sugar: Cake recipes often call for brown sugar. This consists of sugar crystals coated with molasses, while retaining the natural colour and flavour. Dark and light brown sugars are available in the market. Dark brown sugar has a stronger colour and flavour as compared to light brown sugar.
Fructose: This is fruit sugar. It is the naturally occurring sugar in fruits and honey. It is one and a half times as sweet as sucrose but has the same caloric content. It is absorbed very slowly and hence does not result in a rapid rise in blood sugar.
Glucose: This is another naturally occurring sugar. It is found in fruits, some vegetables and honey. It results in a quick and significant rise in blood sugar. All the sugars taken in the food are converted to glucose in the body after digestion and the body uses it as a source of energy.
Honey: It is a naturally produced form, which varies in sweetness and the flavour. It contains about 35 per cent glucose, 40 per cent sucrose and 25 per cent water.
Invert sugar: Inversion or chemical breakdown of sucrose results in invert sugar. Invert sugar is a combination of glucose and fructose in equal proportions. Invert sugar is sweeter than granulated sugar. It is mainly used to retard crystallization of sugar and retain moisture.
Lactose: This is the naturally present sugar in the milk. So you cannot skip this sugar if you are drinking milk.
Maltose: Maltose is the breakdown product of the starches. It is formed when two molecules of glucose combine. It is taken in as food and rapidly breaks down into glucose in the intestine.
Mannitol: This is a lesser-known form of sugar. It is present naturally attached to an alcohol, hence called sugar alcohol. It causes less rise of blood sugar than sucrose or glucose but it is used in lesser amounts since excess intake causes diarrhoea.
Molasses: Also referred to as the golden syrup and is often listed in the list of ingredients for making cakes. It is a syrup that is obtained when raw sugar is processed to get sucrose. The total sugar content varies from 50 to 75 per cent, hence diabetics should be aware of this syrupy sugar.
Sorbitol: Another sugar alcohol, which is present naturally in fruits. It is more slowly absorbed than glucose and causes a very small rise in blood sugar in diabetics with well-controlled diabetes.
Sucrose: It is also known as table sugar, white sugar, granulated sugar and powdered or confectioner's sugar. It is a naturally occurring sugar that is made from sugarcane or sugar beets. It is this form of sugar that we normally consume. It is made of equal quantities of glucose and fructose. In uncontrolled diabetes, sucrose can lead to a rapid increase in blood sugar.
Xylitol: It is a naturally occurring sugar alcohol, which acts as a sweetener. It is found in plants and is used as a substitute for sugar. It is less slowly absorbed than glucose and sucrose but its safety is still a controversial issue. Thus it has a very limited use.
Aug 29, 2012
Aug 28, 2012
Aug 27, 2012
- Keep your feet clean and dry. Healthy feet start with good hygiene. Thoroughly clean and scrub your feet with soap and water when you bathe. Afterward, dry them well. Fungal organisms love moisture, so depriving them of any wetness will make it more difficult for them to thrive. “Be sure to dry well between each individual toe.
- Examine your feet for problems. Perform a foot self-exam once a week when you take a bath or shower, recommends Kurtz. As you’re drying off your feet, take a good look on the soles for any scaling and between your toes for peeling areas. That could signalathlete’s foot. Also look for discoloration of the nails, which could indicate a nail fungus. If you have diabetes, you should inspect your feet every day since diabetes leads to higher risk of foot sores and infections.
- Cut toenails properly. Cut nails straight across and avoid trimming too close to the skin or drastically rounding the corners of the nails, which can cause painful, ingrown toenails.
- Don’t hide “ugly” toenails with polish. A discolored, thick, cracked, or crumbling nail could signal a nail fungus. Applying nail polish to an infected nail could make the problem worse.
- Protect your feet in public areas. Be sure to wear shower shoes at the gym, in locker rooms, and at public pools. These places tend to be breeding grounds for fungi that can lead to infections.
- Avoid sharing footgear. “You can get fungal infections by wearing other people’s shoes, as well as socks worn by another person,” says Kurtz. This includes rentals. Always wear your own footgear to help keep your feet healthy.
- Head off sweaty feet. Your feet have sweat glands galore — 250,000 in each foot! Perspiration creates the perfect environment for bacteria to set up shop. Wearing socks that keep feet dry will help your feet stay healthy. “Socks made of synthetic fibers tend to wick away moisture faster than cotton or wool socks,” says Kurtz. Also avoid wearing excessively tight pantyhose, which trap moisture.
- Choose breathable footwear. To help keep your feet dry and healthy, wear shoes made of leather to allow air to circulate. If you’re prone to excessively sweaty feet, look for shoes made of mesh fabrics for maximum breathability.
- Wear shoes that fit properly. Shoes that are too tight can cause long-term foot problems, says Kurtz. Shop for shoes at the end of the day to compensate for foot swelling that occurs later in the day, and wear the same type of socks or hosiery you’ll be wearing with the shoes. Choose a broad, rounded shoe with plenty of room for your toes and a wide, stable heel. Avoid pointy shoes, which can cramp your toes and cause ingrown toenails and calluses.
- Know when to see a doctor. Don’t attempt to self-treat painful foot woes. “I see many patients who have attempted what I call bathroom surgery, and they’ve made the problem worse,” says Kurtz. Any pain, redness, swelling, or discoloration that persists should be checked out by a physician.
It can be a combination of the two. Some people gain weight easier than others because of their heredity. It is cause mostly because of over eating and not enough exercise.
Aug 23, 2012
Vitamin C is sensitive to oxygen and the concentration of vitamin C in orange juice will thus decrease during exposure to oxygen. This process starts immediately after making orange juice.
The reaction also depends on temperature and acidity. In acid juices, such as orange juice, and at low temperatures the reaction will be relatively slow.
It is therefore recommended to drink orange juice within a few hours and keep it refrigerated as much as possible. On the other hand, the reaction is rather slow, which means that even after one day there is still some vitamin C present in the juice.
Commercial orange juice is packed in oxygen-tight packages and as long as the package remains unopened the concentration of vitamin C will be constant. After opening the situation is identical as described above for freshly made juice.
Aug 22, 2012
- Never hold your breath while lifting weights. This can cause you to feel lightheaded, dizzy, and lead to fainting.
- Never lock your joints (knee, elbow, etc.) while lifting weights. Locked joints are put under an enormous amount of stress, which may lead to injury.
- Always use collars on the bar when lifting weights.
- Focus on controlling the weight. To avoid injury and maximize the effectiveness of the exercise weights should always be lifted and lowered slowly.
- Always have a "spotter" present when performing free weight exercises. Spotters can assist you with form and ensure that you avoid injury.
- Keep both hands at equal distance from the center of the bar when using free weights. Not doing so could result in harmful stress to one side of your body.
- Never excessively twist or bend the spine, which can cause lower back problems.
- When standing, always maintain a slight bend in the knees to reduce stress on the lower back.
- The knees should always remain in alignment with the toes when performing leg exercises.
- Always replace weights to the proper racks so that others do not trip over them. that others do not trip over them.
Unless you live on a farm, it's unlikely that you eat only unprocessed food. Nearly every food purchased in the grocery store undergoes some type of processing, whether it's preservative to extend a product's shelf life, spray to enhance the appearance of a fruit or food coloring to add a more attractive color.
Trunk extensionWhat it's for: Lower back
How to do it: Get down on your knees and drape your upper body over the top of the ball, with your arms lightly hugging the back of the ball or with your hands behind your head. Lift your chest off the fitness ball until your spine is straight or slightly extended. Return to starting position.
Core crunchersWhat it's for: Abs and core muscles
How to do it: Many of the best fitness ball exercises involve the core. For this one, get on your knees, bend at the waist and rest your elbows on the ball. Squeezing your abs, roll the ball forward until your upper body and thighs form a straight line. Roll back to starting position.
Basic crunchesWhat it's for: Abs
How to do it: With your feet flat on the floor, place your lower back on the ball and keep your upper body and thighs parallel to the floor. Do crunches as usual; use your abs to lift only your shoulders and upper back off the fitness ball.
Elevated push-upsWhat it's for: Pecs, shoulders, triceps, and abs
How to do it: Place the front of your knees on the ball and your hands flat on the floor (your whole body should be parallel to the floor). Look down at the floor and lower your face to within a few inches of it, then push back up to the starting position.
Bent knee bridgeWhat it's for: Buttocks and hamstrings
How to do it: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your heels resting on top of the fitness ball. Spread your arms out to your sides. Lift your butt off the floor while squeezing it, and push your hips toward the ceiling. Pause at the top of the movement, then go back to the starting position.
Abdominal rollsWhat it's for: Abs
How to do it: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Place the ball on your thighs, near your knees, and your hands on top of ball. Lift your shoulder blades off the floor, roll the ball to the top of your knees, pause, then go back to starting position.
Opposite limb extensionWhat it's for: Lower back, buttocks and hamstrings
How to do it: Lie with your stomach on the fitness ball and stabilize yourself with your toes and hands. While looking down at the floor, extend your left arm and your right leg simultaneously, hold for two seconds, and return to starting position. Repeat with the opposite arm and leg combination.
Balanced push-upsWhat it's for: Pecs, shoulders, triceps, and abs
How to do it: Place your hands on top of the ball and your body at a 45-degree angle with the floor, balancing yourself on the tips of your toes. Bend at the elbows and lower your upper body to a few inches from the ball, then push yourself back up to the starting position.
SupermanWhat it's for: Lower, middle and upper back, and buttocks
How to do it: Lie with your stomach on the ball and your body at a 45-degree angle with the floor, balancing yourself with the tips of your toes. Stretch your arms out in front of you on either side of your head as if you're flying, and maintain the position.
Seated wall rollWhat it's for: Quadriceps, hamstrings and buttocks
How to do it: Stand with your back to a wall, feet shoulder-width apart, and place the ball between the wall and your lower back. Squat, letting the ball roll along your back, until you are in a "sitting" position with your knees forming a 45-degree angle. Return to starting position.